FAQ BIOTECHNOLOGY ENTRANCE
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Q.  What is the scope for M.Sc. in Bioinformatics & which are the best institutes for it?


Ans. Bioinformatics deals with methods for storing, retrieving and analysing biological data. Bioinformatics as a field of study is becoming increasingly important due to the interest of the pharmaceutical industry in genome sequencing projects, which comprise a key segment of the discipline. Bioinformatics uses computer software tools for database creation, data management, data warehousing, data mining and global communication network. For admission into Bioinformatics course, a postgraduate degree in Biotechnology, Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, Microbiology, Botany, Zoology, Agriculture or Veterinary Sciences is required. Those with a MCA degree or Engineering degree can also apply. One needs to be either a biologist with a certain degree of computer knowledge edge or a computer professional with a serious interest in biology.

For increased career opportunities, possessing both skill-sets is a good idea though employers usually desire knowledge in computer applications. Some of the institutes who offer advanced courses are: Madurai Kamraj Univ., Madurai; Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi, Mumbai, Kharagpur, Kanpur); University of Pune, Pune; Institute of Microbial Technology, Chandigarh; Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore; B.H.U. Varanasi; Bose Institute, Kolkata; Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad; Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi; Bioinformatics Institute of India, Delhi; CCS Univ., Meerut; Pondicherry Univ., Pondicherry, Instt. of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology G-05, Tech Park Mall, ITPL, Whitefield Road, Bangalore-560066. For M.Sc. the requirement is B.Sc. (Biology Group) and for P.G. Diploma, the eligibility is generally M.Sc. in any branch of Biological Sciences e.g. Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, M.B.B.S., M.E., M.C.A., M.V.Sc.

Bioinformatics as a profession is coming into the wave in various developed as well as developing countries. Persons trained in Bio-Informatics are welcome especially in companies related to drug development, chemicals, hybrid plants, petroleum derivatives. Bio-Informatics plays a key role in arising new research outputs. There are enormous prospects in R D Organisations, software companies and Govt. organisations. Bio Informatics Industry requires experts from various fields like Micro Biology, Molecular Biology, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Maths, Graphics designing and Genomics etc.

Q. Please give me information about medical transcription course. Am I interested in naturopathy give guidelines?

Ans. Medical transcription is the process of converting a health care providers dictated (or handwritten) notes into accurate, readable records. Medical transcription requires a practical knowledge of medical terminology, anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and the internal organisation of medical reports. Thus, the medical transcriptionist must be conversant with the language of medicine and surgery, but this relates to allopathic medicine, not naturopathy. Medical Transcription as a business is classified as an IT-enabled service in India and is also part of BPO (Business Process Outsourcing). Advertisements of medical transcription training appear in the prominent dailies and may also be tracked on the internet. You could find out about the Naturopathy courses and other related information from the website of the National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune (http://www.punenin.org/faq.htm). Normally, the Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Sciences is the formal training for naturopathy. You can find out more by contacting the Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy, 61-65 Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi-110058 (www.ccryn.org).

Q. I did my BSc in zoology from Mumbai University and am hoping to get an admission in M.Sc Environmental Science. Does the field have a scope here in India?

Ans. The field has scope in India, but unless the university offers direct placement from campus, you would have to be responsible for the job search. It may not be easy to locate jobs for fresh post-graduates. Pursuing a PhD or MTech would enhance employment potential and provide long-term prospects. You could also pursue MSc Biotech or MSc Bioinformatics, etc but the choice of employment from these courses would also tend to be in research or academia. Hence you have to be sure that you have the passion, enthusiasm and ability to pursue such careers.

Q. Dear Sir, I am doing B.Sc Microbiology 1sy Year. I want to know the best Universities/Institutes for doing M.Sc Microbiology. Also please guide about the career options other than teaching, after doing M.Sc OR Graduation.

Ans. University of Mumbai, Delhi University, Madras University, M S University of Baroda, Madurai Kamaraj University, etc. Microbiologists are employed by diagnostic laboratories public health laboratories, or they may pursue research in universities, medical institutes, pharmaceutical companies, research and development laboratories in the private sector, as well as in government departments relating to animal health, community health, environment, agriculture and allied areas. Microbiologists may perform quality control as well as undertake clinical research.

Q. kindly give me details regarding M.Sc courses which can be pursued after B.Sc in microbiology particularly in the field of genetics, immunology and other related areas. kindly give me the details of institutions offering the courses throughout India. Thanking you?

Ans. Postgraduate degree in genetics/ allied subjects may be pursued at some of the agricultural universities, University Of Delhi, Somalia University , Hyderabad, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, University of Kerala, ,Thiruvananthapuram, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, West Bengal  University of Technology, Kolkata, etc. M Sc in Human Genetics is offered in only a few universities like Jiwaji University Gwalior (http://www.jiwaji.edu/sos/zoology.htm), Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam(www.andhrauniversity.info/science/humangenetics/default.aspx), Mani pal University, Maniple (www.manipal.edu), Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai (www.srmc.edu), Guru Nanak Dev University, biotechnologyAmritsar(http://www.gnduonline.org/department/human.asp) and at National Centre for Human Genome Studies & Research,PanjabUniversity, Chandigarh (http://nchgsr.puchd.ac.in/). Immunology is usually offered as a PhD programme after a biological science (including medicine, veterinary science and pharmacy) post graduation. It would not be possible for you to apply for universities across the country because the admission norms and entrance exam (where required) schedules would be difficult to coordinate. Hence, the best course of action would be to focus on the universities which offer admission based on a national level entrance test.

Q. I am studying in B.Sc. Microbiology I wanna do my post graduate Biotechnology i eligible for it or not. If I am kindly send me detail of colleges?

Ans. In most cases, you would be eligible for M.Sc Biotech. If you appear for the Common Biotechnology Entrance Examination by the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi you would be able to apply for M.Sc Biotech across many of the participating universities. Other universities may have their own selection process. The JNU website would provide links to the various participating universities and give you a choice of universities where your BSc background would enable you to apply for the MSc Biotech programme.

Q. Sir, I have done B.Sc.(Bio). I want to know about clinical research programme. plz tell me the name of institutions providing the course and the future prospects?

Ans. Academy for Clinical Excellent (www.aceindia.org), Altair Institute of Communication & Management Studies, Mumbai (www.aicmsindia.org), Institute of Clinical Research (India) (www.icriindia.com), International Center for Training in Clinical Research, (ICTCR) (www.ictcr.org) Clinical Research Education & Management Academy (CREMA) (www.cremaindia.org), MGM University of Health Sciences, Navi Mumbai (www.mgmuhs.com), Inter-Ed Faculty of Clinical Research, Kochi (www.ifcr.in or www.ifcr.info) , Bilcare Research Academy, Pune (www.bilcareacademy.com), Nucleus Institute of Clinical Research (NICR) (www.nucleuspune.org) and Reliance School of Life Sciences, Dhirubhai Ambani Life Sciences Center, Navi Mumbai (www.rsls.ac.in) are among the institutions providing clinical research courses.Future prospects are projected to be good. Your decision to pursue clinical research should be based on a clear understanding of the nature of work and the fact that you possess the right abilities and personality traits for success in this field.

Q. What are the opportunities for Environmental Science Students especially in agricultural background?

Ans. On completion of your education in the field of environmental sciences, you may get jobs in the areas of teaching research and development, pollution control etc. Some of the possibilities considering your background in Agricultural are listed below:-

Lecturers Those who have a post- Graduate degree in any field of Environmental Sciences and with a Doctoral work may take up the teaching profession as a lecturer in the pay scale of Rs. 35000-40,000 as per the Govt. pay scales. They are supposed to take graduate or post-graduate classes of environmental related subjects such as air-water quality management, environmental ecology, industrial waste treatment, environmental chemistry etc. They are also expected to guide students that are involved in environmental related research. Lecturers are also appointed in Research Institutes that impart education in this field. Ecologists study environmental influences such as temperature, rainfall, altitude, kind and quality of food etc. and their effects on plant or animal growth and development. They run experimental farms or laboratories under natural and artificial conditions to watch effects of climatic conditions on crops, plants and animals. The industries that deal with synthetic dyes, pesticides, metals, minerals, plastic dust or plastics etc. employ environmentalists to comply environmental control provisions in the plant.

They are designated as Manager (Ecology), Environmental Planner etc. One should be a graduate in Environmental Eng. or a post graduate in Environmental Science for these posts. Scientists involved in toxicity testing and evaluation of industrial chemicals and products are supposed to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of pollution control systems. They are involved in applied research in order to develop new concepts relevant to the Environment sector. They also promote research and development in the related areas such as Wild Life Science, Social Forestry etc. One should be a post-graduate with a doctoral degree in the concerned field for being eligible for the posts of Scientists Research Officers/Project Officers/Consultants Those who have academic excellence in the field of Environmental science may work as project officer, research officers or as consultants. They are concerned with educating masses and making them aware of the natural environment. For the purpose they conduct training programme for teachers and other concerned persons.

They are also employed to look after a specified research project relating to environmental issues. Highly qualified persons who work as consultants get very handsome salaries which are negotiable. Jobs are available in Research Institutes and Government Departments that deal with environmental problems. The private organisations that are concerned with these issues also employ these people. Technicians/ Research Assistants Technicians help Engineers and Scientists in their day to day working. Lab Assistants, for example, look after the equipments/chemicals in the laboratory. They perform testing of chemicals etc. as directed by their supervisors. They are also responsible for cleaning the apparatus. ResearchAssistants in this field collect, compile and analyse the scientific data pertaining to multidisciplinary aspects of environmental protection. One should have a Master's degree in any branch of Environmental Sciences or Bachelors degree in Environmental Engineering. Those who have experience get preference. Since the subject of environmental science is a multidisciplinary subject, jobs are available in several other fields also. These may be the jobs of Environmental planner in Housing and Town Planning Sectors, Foresters in Forestry Sector etc.

Q. Please let me know the vacancies for a fresh B.Sc. Graduate with First Class in Biotechnology?

Ans. In recent times, biotechnology as a subject has grown rapidly. And as far as employment is concerned, it has become the second fastest growing sector after multi-media. Candidates with a postgraduate degree in Biotechnology get absorbed in corporate and government sector, both. Qualified biotechnologists are employed in leading Indian business houses and MNCs including pharmaceutical companies, chemical industries, bio-processing industries, agriculture-related industries and pollution control activities of the major industries etc. They can even join government and corporate run research and development organisations. On the whole making it a good career opportunity for the bright young people. Internet should be your primary source of search for job positions in the biotechnology field apart from the vacancy circulars in newspapers, Employment News and placement agencies. You may also access www.careerage.com for the relevant information.