What is Biotechnology?
Biotechnology is one of the world's newest and most important applied sciences of the 21st century. It embraces basic sciences like Physics, Chemistry, Maths as well as engineering technology depending upon its application. Biotechnology is recognised as a discipline where basic and applied sciences work together. It is a research oriented science, a combination of Biology and Technology and covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, Virology, Chemistry, Engineering and subjects like Health and Medicine, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Cropping system and Crop Management, Ecology, Cell Biology and Biostatistics etc. If there is any area of science that will flourish after Information technology, then it is biotechnology. The multibillion-dollar biotechnology industry in a broad sense uses organisms, cells or molecules isolated to make products or processes having large applications benefiting the sectors of health, agriculture, animal resources, aquaculture, energy, forest, environments etc. In nutshell, we can say that biotechnology includes manipulation of organisms on the molecular and genetic level to improve health, safety, nutrition and environment.
There is a great scope in this field as the demand for biotechnologists is growing both at home and abroad. Job opportunities extend to Universities, medical colleges and government labs. Careers in biotechnology tend to be related to Research and development, Quality control, Clinical Research, Manufacturing and Production, Patent Administration, Management and Administration, Hospital Laboratories, Academic Research Laboratories, Forensics, Environmental cleanup and Bioinformatics. The industries offer a rewarding career for students interested in science and engineering. A well-established biotechnology company usually has several products that carry different functions and uses biotechnology in pharmaceuticals, agriculture, chemicals, environmental remediation and energy sector. The biotechnology degree holder can find suitable placements in such establishments.