M.Sc. Botany is a postgraduate degree course, which deals with the scientific studies of Plants. It covers an array of disciplines such as reproduction, growth of plants, plant metabolism, the role of plants in human life, evolutionary relationships among taxonomic groups, and biotechnological application of different plant groups. It is a two-year degree program that is often divided into four semesters. From 2023 onwards all central universities in India will admit students via CUET PG Entrance Exam. For masters in Botany first, you need to be eligible to the criteria the university asks for.
General Eligibility: A candidate should have completed a B.Sc. graduate degree (10+2+3) in Botany/Life Sci/Biochemistry/Bioscience/Biological Sciences/Medical or equivalent allied courses, with a minimum of 55% aggregate marks from a recognized university.
The mode of admission and tuition fees for this course varies according to the University of choice. Admission in this course is either through an entrance exam or based on the merit marks in the qualifying examination followed by a personal interview. Generally, admission forms for this course are released in the month of May-June/year.
An M.Sc. Botany graduate may pursue his/her career in academics and/or Research government as well as in the Private sector. One may make their career in the field of food processing, biotechnology, oil industry, chemical industry, forest services, plant health inspection services, seed, and nurseries companies. A fresh graduate of this course can expect an average salary of Rs. 25000 to 55000. After the completion of the Masters Course, students may continue for higher degrees (M.Phil. and Ph.D.) in Botany or allied domains from reputed institutes or Universities. He/She may choose to work in the area of Bryology, Forestry, Cytology, Morphology & Systematic, Agronomy, Plant Genome Research, Economic Botany, Ethnobotany, Plant Pathology, Genetics, Horticulture, Plant Anatomy, plant ecology, and Phyto-chemical Analysis.
The following are some of the best universities for earning an MSc Botany degree.
1. UNIVERSITY OF DELHI
The University of Delhi was established in February 1922. It is one of the reputed institutions of higher learning in the country and offers over 500 undergraduate and postgraduate programs in a wide range of disciplines. Currently, over seven lakh students are associated with the University of Delhi. Five Departments of Chemistry, Geology, Zoology, Sociology, and History have been awarded the status of the Centres of advanced Studies (CAS). These centers have carved a niche for nurturing excellence in teaching and research in their respective areas. Delhi University Department of Botany conducts the Entrance exam (DUET) in the month of June and application forms are available in the month of April.
2. BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY
Banaras Hindu University is most popular among students as BHU. Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya founded this university in 1916, at the bank of Ganga river in the holy city of Varanasi, with a dream of crafting a University of India. BHU has produced many great scholars, freedom fighters, and builders of modern India. The university comprises 14 Faculties140 Departments, 6 CAS, 1700 teachers, and about 15000 students as a part of the BHU family.
3. UNIVERSITY OF MYSORE
Mysore University was established on July 27, 1916. It is the sixth oldest in the country and the first in the state of Karnataka. It was the first University to be accredited by NAAC in 2000 with Five-star status. The university is now ranked 36th in the India Rankings 2017, NIRF-MHRD, Government of India. The Department of Botany of the University is one of the leading Plant Science departments in the country dedicated to teaching and research in plant and microbial sciences. The department has been offering a specialized course in the areas of Taxonomy of Angiosperms, Medicinal Botany, Plant Biotechnology, Plant Molecular Biology, Applied Plant Pathology, Microbiology, and Environmental Biology.
4. NORTHEASTERN HILL UNIVERSITY
NEHU was established in 1973 with a focus on the improvement of the social and economic conditions and welfare of the people of the hill areas of the North East Region and in particular their intellectual, academic, and cultural advancement.
5. PUNE UNIVERSITY
Savitribai Phule Pune University, also known as Pune University is one of the premier universities in India. It is established on February 10th, 1949in the North-western part of Pune City. The 411-Acre campus houses 46 academic departments. Admissions are entirely based on the marks in the National /University level entrance exams. Department of Botany of Pune University conducts the entrance exam for M.Sc. Botany(PUET) in the month of June and the application forms are available online and offline from the month of April and May.
For more details, click at http://www.unipune.ac.in or
6. UNIVERSITY OF ALLAHABAD
The University of Allahabad is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the country. It was set up in 1887, and declared as an Institution of National Importance and later as a Central University. The academic activities of the University are undertaken through its teaching departments comprising of on-campus Faculties, University Institutes, and an independent Centre.
7. UNIVERSITY OF BARODA
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (MSU Baroda)is founded in the year 1881 as Baroda College. It is approved by University Grants Commission (UGC) and accredited by NAAC and presently it is one of the best universities in Gujarat. The university offers UG, PG, and Doctorate courses in various streams. MSU Baroda Courses are provided through different departments of the university. MSU Baroda boasts of having over 1200well-qualified faculty members to facilitate the learning of more than 35000students.
For more details, click here: http://www.msubaroda.ac.in or
8. G.B. PANT UNIVERSITY
In 1960, the first agricultural university of India, UP Agricultural University, came into existence and was later rechristened Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology. The main campus lies in Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand and comprises 763 teachers and over 4200 students (teacher taught ratio is about 1:6). Admissions to masters programme in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology shall be made through the entrance examination conducted by J.N.U. in the month of December/year.
9. GURU NANAK DEV UNIVERSITY
Guru Nanak Dev University was established at Amritsar on November 24, 1969, to mark the 500th birth anniversary of Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. It is both a residential and an affiliating university. The University is successfully catering to twenty thousand students in various faculties at University Campuses constituent Colleges. The University has risen to 16th rank in the top 50universities of the country, as per a recent survey conducted by India Today, and has achieved 11th Position, out of the 500 universities, in Publications in science. Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences offers MSc in botany and MSc in Environmental Sci.
10. ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY
AMU occupies a unique position amongst universities and institutions of higher learning in the country. It was established in 1920, by the great visionary and social reformer, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan. From its very inception, it has kept its door open to the members of all communities and from all corners of the country and the world. The university now has 12 faculties comprising 98 departments, 3 academies, and 15 centers and institutes. It offers more than 300 courses and has more than 28,000, students, 1,342 teachers, and some 5,610 non-teaching staff on its rolls.
11. HYDERABAD UNIVERSITY
The University of Hyderabad, the premier institution of postgraduate teaching and research in the country, was established on 2nd October 1974 as a Central University. The Department of Plant biology, established in 1993 is under the umbrella of the School of Life Sciences. The Department offers M.Sc in Plant Biotechnology and imparts, in addition to the structured four-semester theoretical courses, hands-on training for the students of the course in state-of-art laboratory facilities.
12. OSMANIA UNIVERSITY
Osmania University, established in 1918, is the seventh oldest in India, the third oldest in south India and the first to be established in the erstwhile princely state of Hyderabad. Throughout its existence of over eight decades, it has significantly contributed to the academic and economic development of not only the region but also of the country. Osmania University is re-accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (an Autonomous Institution of the University Grants Commission) as A Grade University. Osmania University comprises 53 Departments,68 PG courses, and over 2500 faculty.
13. CENTRAL FOOD TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Central Food Technological Research Institute(CFTRI), Mysore came into existence to pursue in-depth research and development in the areas of food science and technology. Food Technology being inter-disciplinary in nature the mandate or vision of the Institute is fulfilled through various R&D Departments and Support Departments along with its Resource Centres at Hyderabad, Lucknow, and Mumbai. CFTRI offers MSc Food Technology and Integrated MSc-PhD Nutritional Biology programs.
14. INDIAN AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
The journey of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), popularly known as Pusa Institute, began in 1905 at Pusa (Bihar). Post-independence the institute has been renamed as Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI). As the Mother of several ICAR institutions, IARI continues to be the leading institution for agricultural research, education, and extension in the country. IARI conducts India Entrance Examination (AIEEA) to shortlist aspirants for admission in RPG programs in agriculture and allied sciences. Candidates appearing for the AIEEAPG exam are offered admission to fill 25% of seats in masters programs. ThroughAIEEA, one may choose M.Sc in Plant Biotechnology, Plant Sciences, Entomology and Nematology, Animal Biotechnology, Animal Sciences, Fisheries Science, dairy science, Dairy Technology, Food Science Technology.
IARI also offers M.Techin Agricultural Engineering, Food Science & Post Harvest Technology, Genetics, Bioinformatics. It also conducts the ARS exam for the recruitment of Agricultural Research scientists.
15. MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY
MDU was initially established as Rohtak University, Rohtak (1976), and later rechristened as Maharshi Dayanand University in 1977. The University secured the recognition of the University Grants Commission for central govt. grants in Feb. 1983. On campus, educational and research programs are offered through its 38 departments. Recently MDU has emerged as a nodal center to promote inter-disciplinary higher education and research in the fields of environmental, ecological, and life sciences.
16. HEMVATI NANDANBAHUGUNA GARHWAL UNIVERSITY
HNBGU was established as a State University on 23 November 1973 and later has subsequently been upgraded to Central University. The University, nestled in the lap of Himalayan ranges in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, is a residential cum affiliating institution of higher learning. Department of Botany came into existence by way of the teaching at the UG level with the setting up of Birla Government Degree College at Srinagar-Garhwal in1962. Subsequently, it was upgraded as a PG and Research Department with the inception of Garhwal University in 1973.
MSc Plant Molecular Biology
MSc Plant Biotech
MSc Food and Nutrition
MSc Food Technology
MSc Environmental Sci
MSc Plant Pathology
MSc Plant Physiology
M.Sc Plant Sciences